September 30, 2022

This summer time was the most popular in Europe’s recorded historical past, EU satellite tv for pc monitoring knowledge exhibits.

A collection of utmost heatwaves and a long-running drought led to June, July and August breaking the earlier excessive mark for temperature by 0.7° Fahrenheit (0.4° Celsius).

The Copernicus Local weather Change Service (C3S) mentioned temperatures on the continent had been the ‘highest on file for each the month of August and the summer time (June-August) as an entire’.

Information confirmed August was the most popular but recorded in Europe by a ‘substantial margin’, beating the earlier file set in August 2018 by 1.4° Fahrenheit (0.8° Celsius).

Globally, specialists mentioned August was the third warmest but recorded. 

This summer time was the most popular in Europe’s recorded historical past, EU satellite tv for pc monitoring knowledge exhibits. Pictured is the dried mattress of the drought-affected Doubs River in Arcon, France

Flames rip by way of tinder-dry woodland in Gironde, within the south of France, the place a record-breaking summer time of heatwaves and drought has turned pine forests into firewood

Bone dry: Almost half of EU land has been under a drought warning or worse because of a combination of heatwaves and a 'wide and persistent' lack of rain, experts have warned. A map (pictured) reveals the countries most at risk. Areas in orange are under 'warning' conditions, while 15 per cent of land has moved into the most severe 'alert' state (shown in red)

Bone dry: Virtually half of EU land has been below a drought warning or worse due to a mixture of heatwaves and a ‘large and chronic’ lack of rain, specialists have warned. A map (pictured) reveals the nations most in danger. Areas in orange are below ‘warning’ circumstances, whereas 15 per cent of land has moved into essentially the most extreme ‘alert’ state (proven in purple)

‘An intense collection of heatwaves throughout Europe, paired with unusually dry circumstances, have led to a summer time of extremes with data by way of temperature, drought and hearth exercise in lots of elements of Europe, affecting society and nature in numerous methods,’ mentioned senior C3S scientist Freja Vamborg.

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‘Information exhibits that we’ve not solely had file August temperatures for Europe but additionally for summer time, with the earlier summer time file solely being one yr outdated.’

On a worldwide stage, August 2022 was the joint warmest August on file. 

The typical temperature was 0.5°F (0.3°C) larger than the 1991-2020 common for the month, the monitor mentioned.

In Britain, the very best temperature in historical past was recorded on July 19 because the mercury hit 104.5°F (40.3°C) in Coningsby, Lincolnshire. This was an enormous leap over the earlier file of 38.7C set in 2019.

Comparable extremes have been seen in different European nations, together with 64 totally different areas of France, which skilled file highs. 

In Portugal, temperatures reached 116.6°F (47°C) in July as Europe skilled the worst drought circumstances in 500 years.

The dried out greens and fairways of Ashton Court Golf Course, near Bristol, where the prolonged dry conditions, have left the parched land turning from green to brown

The dried out greens and fairways of Ashton Courtroom Golf Course, close to Bristol, the place the extended dry circumstances, have left the parched land turning from inexperienced to brown

Sunflowers are pictured suffering from a lack of water in sweltering temperatures in France

Sunflowers are pictured affected by an absence of water in sweltering temperatures in France

The Wessex Water Sutton Bingham Reservoir near Yeovil in Somerset pictured during a scorching summer day that saw water levels drop

The Wessex Water Sutton Bingham Reservoir close to Yeovil in Somerset pictured throughout a scorching summer time day that noticed water ranges drop

The European summer time this yr is regarded as the driest since a mega-drought that hit the continent in 1540. 

A lot of the continent confronted weeks of extraordinarily sizzling temperatures this summer time, which worsened the drought, induced wildfires, set off well being warnings, and prompted requires extra motion to deal with local weather change. 

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Summer season crops have suffered, with 2022 yields for grain maize set to be 16 per cent beneath the common of the earlier 5 years and soybean and sunflowers yields set to fall by 15 per cent and 12 per cent, respectively.

Hydropower era has been hit, with additional impression on different energy producers as a result of a scarcity of water to feed cooling techniques.

Low water ranges have hampered inland transport, corresponding to alongside the Rhine, with decreased transport hundreds affecting coal and oil transport.

Such has been the extent of devastating wildfires throughout Europe this summer time that they’ve led to the very best emissions since 2007, a brand new report has additionally claimed.

The river Rhine is pictured with low water. The low water levels are threatening Germany's industry as more and more ships are unable to traverse the key waterway

The river Rhine is pictured with low water. The low water ranges are threatening Germany’s trade as an increasing number of ships are unable to traverse the important thing waterway

WHAT IS THE EUROPEAN SPACE AGENCY’S SENTINEL 3 SATELLITE AND WHAT DOES IT DO?

Sentinel 3 is primarily an ocean research mission, developed by the European House Company (ESA) as a part of its Copernicus Programme. Nevertheless, it’s also in a position to present knowledge on the environment and land lots. 

Sentinel 3A was launched on February 16, 2016, with a twin, Sentinel 3B, arriving in orbit on April 25, the seventh of Esa’s Sentinel Earth remark satellite tv for pc.

The 2 satellites orbit 506 miles (815 km) above Earth, on reverse sides of the planet.

The multi-billion Copernicus programme goals to assist predict climate phenomena corresponding to El Nino and observe the progress of worldwide warming.

Their knowledge may additionally assist transport firms chart extra environment friendly routes and could also be used to watch forest fires, water air pollution and oil spills. 

The Copernicus venture is described by ESA as essentially the most bold Earth remark programme up to now. The European Union and the ESA have dedicated funding of greater than eight billion euros (£7.12bn / $9.8bn) to it till 2020.

The launch of the Copernicus venture grew to become particularly pressing after Europe misplaced contact with its Earth remark satellite tv for pc Envisat in 2012 after 10 years.

Sentinel-3 makes use of a number of sensing devices to perform its aims. These are: the ocean and land floor temperature radiometer (SLSTR), ocean and land color instrument (OLCI), SAR altimeter (SRAL), doppler orbitography and radiopositioning built-in by satellite tv for pc (DORIS), and a microwave radiometer (MWR).